💰 Ten Reasons why Chess is a Sport | Chess and Female Empowerment

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Olympic Recognition. Chess has been recognised as a sport by the International Olympic Committee since It was an event at the Asian.


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The question of whether chess is a sport depends entirely on the context of the question. In certain situations, it may be useful to classify chess as a sport.


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Few arguments in chess get more attention than the debate over whether or not chess is a sport. Despite what some on either side of the.


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The question of whether chess is a sport depends entirely on the context of the question. In certain situations, it may be useful to classify chess as a sport.


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Globally, over countries officially recognize chess as a sport. This means that the players may be considered athletes and are subject to many regulations.


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Globally, over countries officially recognize chess as a sport. This means that the players may be considered athletes and are subject to many regulations.


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Globally, over countries officially recognize chess as a sport. This means that the players may be considered athletes and are subject to many regulations.


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The question of whether chess is a sport depends entirely on the context of the question. In certain situations, it may be useful to classify chess as a sport.


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A player may not make any move that would put or leave the player's own king in check. Each piece type moves differently, with the most powerful being the queen and the least powerful the pawn. Capablanca was undefeated in tournament play for eight years, from to His successor was the Russian-French Alexander Alekhine , a strong attacking player who died as the world champion in Alekhine briefly lost the title to Dutch player Max Euwe in and regained it two years later. In the 18th century, the center of European chess life moved from the Southern European countries to France. Many chess clubs , chess books, and chess journals appeared. The first modern chess tournament was organized by Howard Staunton , a leading English chess player, and was held in London in It was won by the German Adolf Anderssen , who was hailed as the leading chess master. In addition to checkmate, a player wins the game if the opponent resigns , or, in a timed game, runs out of time. There were correspondence matches between cities; for example, the London Chess Club played against the Edinburgh Chess Club in In , von der Lasa published his and Bilguer's Handbuch des Schachspiels Handbook of Chess , the first comprehensive manual of chess theory. Since the s, computer analysis has contributed significantly to chess theory , particularly in the endgame. Analog chess clocks have been largely replaced by digital clocks, which allow for time controls with increments. A typical time control is 50 days for every 10 moves. When a king is under immediate attack by one or two of the opponent's pieces, it is said to be in check. After the end of the 19th century, the number of master tournaments and matches held annually quickly grew. Time controls are also enforced in correspondence chess competition. When a pawn makes a two-step advance from its starting position and there is an opponent's pawn on a square next to the destination square on an adjacent file, then the opponent's pawn can capture it en passant "in passing" , moving to the square the pawn passed over. Castling is not a permissible response to a check.

Chaturanga is also the likely ancestor of the Eastern strategy games xiangqi Chinese chessjanggi Korean chessand shogi Japanese chess. Steinitz was the first to break a position down into its components. The eastern migration of chess, into China and Southeast Asia, has even less documentation than its migration west.

The romantic era was characterized by opening gambits sacrificing pawns or even piecesdaring attacks, and brazen sacrifices. White moves first, after which players alternate turns, moving one piece per turn except for castlingwhen two is chess a sport are moved.

There are also several ways that a game can end in a draw. Usually, the pawn is chosen to be promoted to a queen, but in some cases another piece is chosen; this is called underpromotion.

The game was played more for art than theory. Once in every game, each king can make a special move, known as castling. His brilliant, energetic attacking style was typical see more the time.

When a pawn advances to the eighth rank, as a part of the move it is promoted and must be exchanged for the player's choice of queen, rook, bishop, or knight of the same color. Moving is compulsory; it is illegal to skip a turn, even when having to move is detrimental.

The resulting standard game is sometimes referred to as Western chess [23] or international chess[24] particularly in Asia where other games of the chess family such as xiangqi are prevalent.

In competitive games, the colors are allocated by the organizers; in informal games, the colors are usually decided randomly, for example by coin toss, or by one player's concealing a white and black pawn in either hand and having the opponent choose.

Thence it spread eastward and westward along the Silk Road. A famous 13th-century manuscript covering shatranj, backgammonand dice is known as the Libro de los juegos. By the yearit had spread throughout both Muslim Iberia and Latin Europe.

Aroundthe rules of shatranj started to be modified in southern Europe, and aroundseveral major changes made the game essentially as it is known today. It is never legal for a player to make a move that puts or leaves the player's own king in check. During the game, play typically involves exchanging pieces for the opponent's similar pieces, and finding and engineering opportunities to trade advantageously or to get a better position.

Castling is permissible if the following conditions are met: [4]. A piece is moved to either an unoccupied square or one occupied by an opponent's piece, which is captured and removed from play.

In competition, chess games are played with a time control. The earliest evidence of chess is found in the nearby Sasanian Persia aroundwhere the game came to be known by the name chatrang.

Each set consists of 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns. FIDE, which has controlled the title since then except for one interruptionran a tournament of elite players.

As the 19th century progressed, chess organization developed quickly.

The objective is to checkmate the opponent's king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture. To this end, a player's pieces are used to attack and is chess a sport the opponent's pieces, while supporting one another.

The 64 squares alternate in color and are referred to as light and dark squares. Chatrang was is chess a sport up by the Muslim world after read article Islamic conquest of Persia —44where it was then named shatranjwith the pieces largely retaining their Persian names.

They advocated controlling the center of the board with distant pieces rather than with pawns, thus inviting opponents to occupy the is chess a sport with pawns, which become objects of attack.

Chess is believed to have originated in northwest Indiain the Gupta Empire c. There are many variants of chess that utilize different rules, pieces, or boards. After the death of Alekhine, a new World Champion was sought. In the animated diagramthe pawn on c7 can be advanced to the eighth rank and be promoted.

Prague -born Wilhelm Steinitz beginning in described how to avoid weaknesses in one's own position and how to create and exploit such weaknesses in the opponent's position. Many elaborate and beautiful but unsound move sequences called "combinations" were played by the masters of the time.

Deeper insight into the nature of chess came with the American Paul Morphyan extraordinary chess prodigy.

The chessboard is placed with a light square at the right-hand corner nearest to each player. The first Olympiad was held in Paris inand FIDE was founded initially for the purpose of organizing that event. A move in response to a check is legal is chess a sport if it results in a position where the king is no longer in check.

Each player begins with 16 pieces : one kingone is chess a sporttwo rookstwo knightstwo bishopsand eight pawns. This is a lost manuscript, but referenced in later works.

The winner of the tournament was Russian Mikhail Botvinnik.

The pieces are set out as shown in the diagram and photo. Each piece has its own way of moving. Many national chess organizations have a title system of their own. The game is played on a square board of eight rows called ranks , denoted 1 to 8 from bottom to top according to White's perspective and eight columns called files , denoted a to h from left to right according to White's perspective. Play involves no hidden information. The oldest archaeological chess artifacts, ivory pieces, were excavated in ancient Afrasiab , today's Samarkand , in Uzbekistan , central Asia, and date to about , with some of them possibly older. Since the second half of the 20th century, chess engines have been programmed to play with increasing success, to the point where the strongest programs play at a higher level than the best human players. For example, in the animated diagram, the black pawn advances two steps from g7 to g5, and the white pawn on f5 can take it en passant on g6 but only on White's next move. With the sole exception of en passant , all pieces capture by moving to the square that the opponent's piece occupies. Thus, each queen starts on a square of its own color the white queen on a light square; the black queen on a dark square. In the diagrams, the dots mark the squares to which the piece can move if there are no intervening piece s of either color except the knight, which leaps over any intervening pieces. In casual games it is common to announce "check" when putting the opponent's king in check, but this is not required by the rules of chess, and is not usually done in tournaments. These new rules quickly spread throughout western Europe. The level of defense was poor and players did not form any deep plan. There is no restriction on the piece promoted to, so it is possible to have more pieces of the same type than at the start of the game e. The oldest known chess manual was in Arabic and dates to —, written by al-Adli ar-Rumi — , a renowned Arab chess player, titled Kitab ash-shatranj Book of the chess. The object of the game is to checkmate the opponent; this occurs when the opponent's king is in check, and there is no legal way to remove it from attack. The players of the sets are referred to as White and Black , respectively. Chess was included in the and Asian Games. If a player's time runs out before the game is completed, the game is automatically lost provided the opponent has enough pieces left to deliver checkmate. There are several ways games can end in a draw :. A profound belief that chess merit resided in the players' genius rather than inherent in the position on the board pervaded chess practice. The rise of strong chess engines runnable on hand-held devices has led to increasing concern about cheating during tournaments. Morphy won against all important competitors except Staunton, who refused to play , including Anderssen, during his short chess career between and Morphy's success stemmed from a combination of brilliant attacks and sound strategy; he intuitively knew how to prepare attacks. Castling consists of moving the king two squares along the first rank toward a rook that is on the player's first rank and then placing the rook on the last square that the king just crossed. This can be done only on the very next turn; otherwise the right to do so is forfeited. This can involve capturing the checking piece; interposing a piece between the checking piece and the king which is possible only if the attacking piece is a queen, rook, or bishop and there is a square between it and the king ; or moving the king to a square where it is not under attack. Online chess has opened amateur and professional competition to a wide and varied group of players. Alternatively, some contend that chess arose from Chinese chess or one of its predecessors, [13] although this has been contested. Time is controlled using a chess clock that has two displays, one for each player's remaining time. If the player to move has no legal move, the game is over; the result is either checkmate a loss for the player with no legal move if the king is in check, or stalemate a draw if the king is not. FIDE's rules were most recently revised in By convention, chess game pieces are divided into white and black sets.